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China publishes new toy safety standards GB6675-2014

On 6 May 2014, China National Standardizing Committee and General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People’s Republic of China published the new toy safety standards, GB 6675.1-2014: Basic Code, GB 6675.2-2014: Mechanical and Physical Properties, GB 6675.3-2014: Flammability and GB 6675.4-2014:Migration of Certain Elements. The implementation date is 1 January 2016.

In July 2013, we informed you that the Standardisation Administration of China (SAC) notified the WTO on 2 toy safety standards, GB 6675.1-200X (Basic Code) and GB 6675.4-200X (Migration of certain elements)1

On 6 May 2014, China National Standardizing Committee and General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People’s Republic of China published four new toy safety standards to provide new improvements to toy safety from 1 January 2016. The comparison between the current GB6675 (2003 version) and the 2014 version is summarized below.

GB 6675.1-2014: Basic Code

1. In chapter 1-scope, emphasizes this part is a basic regulation and expands the scope for products applicable to this standard.

2. In chapter 5-technical requirement, modifies the following contents:

  • Added section 5.1.10 about acoustic toys and 5.1.11 about movable toys and toys intended to support the weight of children.
  • Added section 5.2.3 about toy caps.
  • Clearly differentiates migration limits for finger paints from modelling clay in 5.3.3 and added new requirements in 5.3.7 about phthalates requirement.
  • Added 5.4 electrical safety, 5.5 hygiene and 5.6 radiation.

3. In chapter 6-Implement and supervision, modified section 6.4 safety certification and 6.6 other regulation. Added section 6.5 about recall.

GB 6675.2-2014: Mechanical and Physical Properties

1. Deleted Annex A.A about battery operated toys.

2. Added section 4.29 about magnet and magnetic toys.

3. Added section 4.5.8 about hemispheric-shaped toys.

4. Added in section 4.8.2 about projections for handlebars and other tubes.

5. Modified section 4.10 package film, 4.13.3 chains or belts in ride-on toys, 4.18 projectile toys and 4.26 toy roller skates, toy inline skates and toy skateboards.

GB 6675.3-2014: Flammability

1. Added definition on molten drips, flammable gases, flammable liquids, highly flammable liquids and highly flammable solids.

2. Added two technical requirements about full or partial moulded head masks and flowing elements of toys to be worn on the head

3. Modified requirement and test method for soft-filled toys.

4. Added reference test methods of EN 1103 and ISO 6941 about surface flash for materials with a piled surface.

GB 6675.4-2014: Migration of Certain Elements

No update on test methods for migration of certain elements.

Highlights of the phthalates and migration of certain elements requirements are summarised in Tables 1 and 2.

GB 6675.1-2014 (Basic Code)

Substance

CAS

Scope

Requirement

Date of entry into force

Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)

84-74-2

Plasticised material on toy

≤ 0.1%

(sum)

1 January 2016

Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP)

85-68-7

Bis-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)

117-81-7

Di-n-octyl phthalate  (DNOP)

117-84-0

Plasticised material on toy that can be placed in the mouth

≤ 0.1%

(sum)

Diisononyl phthalate (DINP)

68515-48-0,

28553-12-0

Diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP)

26761-40-0,

68515-49-1

Exemption

≤ 10 mg of toy material

Table 1. Revision to include 6 phthalates to section 5.3.7 of GB 6755.1-2014 (Basic Code)

GB 6675.1-2014 (Migration of Certain Elements)

Soluble Element

Migration Limit (mg/kg)

Date of entry into force

Modelling Clay

Toy Material other than modelling clay and finger paint

Finger paint (newly adjusted)

Antimony (Sb)

60

60

10

1 January 2016

Arsenic (As)

25

25

10

Barium (Ba)

250

1000

350

Cadmium (Cd)

50

75

15

Chromium (Cr)

25

60

25

Lead (Pb)

90

90

25

Mercury (Hg)

25

60

10

Selenium (Se)

500

500

50

Table 2. Newly adjusted migration limits for finger paints of section 5.3.3 of GB 6675.1-2014 (Basic Code)

SGS is committed to inform about developments on regulations or policies in consumer products as a complementary service. Throughout our global network of laboratories, we are able to provide a range of services, including analytical testing and consultancy for GB6675 for toy products in China and international markets. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information.

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1 SGS-Safeguard 136/2013- China Notifies WTO To Strengthen Two Toy Safety Standards

Email SGS Hong Kong Ltd. at mktg.hk@sgs.com for enquiries or visit http://www.sgsgroup.com.hk/.

Content provided by SGS Hong Kong Limited
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