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A New Standard for Phthalates in Textile Product: ISO 14389: 2014

In May 2014, an international standard ISO 14389:2014 Textiles – Determination of phthalate content – Tetrahydrofuran method was published and supersedes the European standard EN 15777:2009 which was withdrawn in July 2014.

EN 15777:2009 was the first European standard to determinate phthalate content in textile products.[1] This standard covers a method for determination of phthalates in printed or coated fabric using a correction calculation based on the mass of the print to the mass of the whole sample. Recently, a new standard ISO 14389:2014 was issued and supersedes EN 15777. The new standard uses the correction calculation method whereas a different extraction method is used. Under the new standard, phthalates are extracted using a dissolution technique which aligns with the extraction method in CPSC-CH-C1001-09.3. The table below summarizes the major difference compared with the superseded harmonized standard EN 15777 and CPSC-CH-C1001-09.3.

 

EN 15777:2009

CPSC-CH-C1001-09.3

ISO 14389:2014

Scope

Textile articles

Toys and childcare articles

Textile articles

Target phthalates

DINP, DEHP, DNOP, DIDP, BBP, DBP (6 phthalates)

DINP, DEHP, DNOP, DIDP, BBP, DBP

(6 phthalates)

DINP, DEHP, DNOP, DIDP, BBP, DBP, DPP, DIHP, DIBP, DMEP (10 phthalates)

Extraction method

Soxhlet extraction

Sonication

Ultrasonication

Extraction solvent

Hexane

THF

THF

Extraction time

1 hour

30 mins

4 hours

Analytical instrument

GC-MS

GC-MS

GC-MS

Calculation method

Based on the mass of the print/coating to the mass of the whole sample.

Based on the mass of the whole sample.

Based on the mass of the print/coating to the mass of the whole sample.

Comparison between ISO 14389, EN 15777 and CPSC-CH-C1001-09.3

Phthalates, esters of ortho-phthalic acid, are a group of organic compounds used as plasticizers to increase softness of plastic, especially PVC. In the clothing industry, they can be found in synthetic leather, buttons, coated fabric, plastisol and dye printing. Due to the toxicological concern caused by phthalates, certain phthalates in toys and childcare articles are regulated in EU and USA.[2] In addition to these markets, they also are restricted in some Asian countries such as Korea[3] and Taiwan[4] and emerging countries, such as, Egypt[5] and Turkey[6]. The table below summarizes the regulation of phthalates in different countries.

Country

Reference for Restriction

Requirement

EU

REACH Annex XVII

  • Toy and childcare articles

         DEHP+DBP+BBP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

  • Toys and childcare articles that can be placed in a child's mouth DINP+DIDP+DNOP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

SVHC Candidate List

DEHP, DBP, BBP, DIBP, DIHP, DHNUP, DnHP, DMEP, DnPP, DIPP, NPIPP, DPP, DHP ≤ 0.1 % per article (each)

USA

Public Law 110-314 (CPSIA)

  • Toy and childcare articles

          DEHP, DBP, BBP ≤ 0.1 %(each)

  • Toys and childcare articles that can be placed in a child's mouth

          DINP, DIDP, DNOP ≤ 0.1 % (each)

Korea  

Self Regulatory Safety Confirmation Act

Infant textile products

DEHP+ BBP+DBP+DINP+DNOP+DIDP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

Safety Quality Mark Act

  • Infant leather products

         DEHP+ BBP+DBP+DINP+DNOP+DIDP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

  • Children textile & leather products

          DEHP+BBP+DBP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

Taiwan

CNS 3478, CNS 8634, CNS 10632

Plastic and leather footwear

DEHP+DBP+BBP+DINP+DIDP+DNOP ≤ 0.1 (sum)

CNS 15503

Children products

DEHP+DBP+BBP+DINP+DIDP+DNOP+DEP+DMP ≤ 0.1 (sum)

Egypt

ES 7562

  • Toy and childcare articles

          DEHP+DBP+BBP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

  • Toy and childcare articles that can be placed in a child's mouth

          DINP+DIDP+DNOP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

ES 7266-4, ES7322

Children products

DEHP, DBP, BBP, DNOP, DINP, DIDP ≤ 0.1% (each)

Turkey

Turkey Official Gazette No. 27893

DEHP + DBP + BBP + DINP + DIDP +DNOP ≤ 0.1% (sum)

Regulation of phthalates in different countries

SGS Global Softlines has an extensive network of over 40 laboratories worldwide, with a strong team of committed professionals from multi-disciplinary backgrounds. Our internationally accredited state-of-the-art testing laboratories offer a comprehensive range of physical, chemical and functional testing services for components, materials and finished products. We help your company ensure quality, performance and compliance with international, industrial and regulatory standards worldwide. Discover more at http://www.sgs.com/en/Consumer-Goods-Retail/Softlines-and-Accessories.aspx.

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[1] SGS-Safeguard 039/10

[2] SGS-Safeguard 168/09

[3] SGS-Safeguard 004/13, SGS-Safeguard 092/11, SGS-Safeguard 051/10

[4] SGS-Safeguard 086/11

[5] SGS-Safeguard 104/13, SGS-Safeguard 092/12, SGS-Safeguard 031/12

[6] SGS-Safeguard 037/13

Email SGS Hong Kong Ltd. at mktg.hk@sgs.com for enquiries or visit http://www.sgsgroup.com.hk/.

Content provided by SGS Hong Kong Limited
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