23 Feb 2015
EU - Update on the New Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU
The new Radio Equipment Directive (RED) 2014/53/EU has been published in the European Official Journal on 22 May 2014. This new directive will replace the existing 15-year-old R&TTE (Radio and TeleTerminal Equipment) directive 1999/5/EU in 2016 after a transition period of two years.
There will be some major changes in the scope of the directive compared to the existing directive:
- Sound and TV broadcast receivers will now fall in to the scope of the directive. Previously they were included in the scope of the EMC directive.
- Equipment operating under 9 kHz frequency range will now fall in to the scope of the directive.
- Radio determination equipment will be included in the scope of the directive.
- Fixed-line terminals are excluded from the scope of the directive.
Also changes have been made to the essential requirements. In Article 3(3)(a) radio equipment interworks with accessories, in particular with common chargers and Article 3(3)(i) to ensure that radio equipment can only upload software if the compliance of the combination of the software and the radio equipment has been demonstrated and can be invoked by the commission.
Totally new requirements have been set out in Article 5 which deal with a registration of radio equipment affected by a low level of compliance with the essential requirements set out in Article 3, into a central registration system provided by the commission. The Commission shall allocate to each registered radio equipment type a registration number, which manufacturers shall affix on radio equipment placed on the market. According to the commission this article can be invoked starting from 12 June 2018.
Changes to the administrative obligations:
- Prior notification of radio equipment that is using non-harmonized frequency bands (current Article 6(4)) is suppressed. Manufacturers can use the online EFIS frequency information system provided by the European Communication Office (ECO). This will help evaluate whether and under which conditions such radio equipment may be used within each Member State before placing the radio equipment on the market.
- Also the alert sign used in conjunction with the CE mark indicating that there are restrictions to use is suppressed. Manufacturers shall make this information available on the packaging of the equipment. User instructions shall also include information on frequency and power used by radio transmitters.
- The new directive clarifies the requirements for manufacturers, authorized representatives, importers and distributors. These are aligned with decision 768/2008/EC New Legislative Frame Work. Furthermore, the legal tools for member state authorities that perform market surveillance have been improved.
New requirements also exist for the notified bodies of the member states that issue notified body opinions. Accreditation has become a rule based on decision 768/2008/EC. This means that a notified body needs to be accredited by its national accreditation body. Also, according to article 26 of the directive, notified bodies are required to participate to the standardization, regulatory and the activities of the notified body coordination group established under the relevant Union harmonization legislation.
- The RED has been published in the European Official Journal on the 22 May 2014.
- The Directive is applicable and has to be implemented in national legislation in each member state by 12 June 2016.
- The new directive will repeal the existing directive 1999/5/EU on 13 June 2016.
- It is not allowed to use the RED before that date.
- Equipment complying with the essential requirements of the existing directive have a 12 month additional transition period. These devices can be placed on the market until 12 June 2017.
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 RED) 2014/53/EU