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U.S. CPSC approves infant carriage/stroller final rule

On Tuesday, 4 March 2014 the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commision (CPSC) unanimously voted (3 to 0) to approve the final rule for infant’s and children’s carriages and strollers codified under 16 CFR Part 1227¹.

This new federal mandatory standard is intended to improve the safety of carriages & strollers in response to the direction under Section 104(b) of the CPSIA of 2008. The new standard incorporates by reference ASTM F833-13b, Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Carriages and Strollers with modifications. The final rule also amends the 16 CFR 1112 Third Party Conformity Assessment Bodies requirements to include the standard for carriages and strollers in the list with other children’s products.

The standard becomes effective 18 months after publication of the final rule in the Federal Register.


ASTM F833-13b defines a stroller as a wheeled vehicle used to transport children, usually from infancy to 36 months of age. Children are transported generally sitting-up or in a semi-reclined position by a person pushing on a handle attached to the stroller. A carriage is generally used to transport an infant in a lying-down position; thus, the principal difference between strollers and carriages is the position of the occupant. Both carriages and strollers may be capable of being folded for storage.


On 20 May 2013, the CPSC issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) for carriages and strollers 78 FR 29279 issuing a safety standard for carriages and strollers.  In the NPR, the Commission proposed to incorporate ASTM F833-13, which addresses many of the hazards patterns identified for strollers. Hazard patterns identified in the NPR included issues with wheels, parking brakes, locking mechanisms, restraints, hinges, structural integrity, stability/tip-over, clearance, car seat attachment, canopies, handlebars, seats, sharp points or edges, trays and other miscellaneous problems.

The Final Rule2 incorporates, by reference, ASTM F833-13b with a modification to the passive containment/foot opening test method to address head entrapment hazards associated with multi-positional/adjustable grab bars.

Specifically, the test method for passive containment/foot opening is revised as follows:

  • 7.12.1 Secure the front wheels of the unit in their normal standing position so that the unit cannot move forward. Attach the tray(s) or grab bar(s) in the position that creates the bounded opening(s). Position any adjustable features (that is, grab bar, calf supports, foot rests, etc.) that may affect the bounded opening(s) to create an opening(s) size that is most likely to cause failure; and
  • 7.12.3 if necessary, reattach/reposition tray(s) grab bar(s), then perform the torso probe test per 7.12.4. Position any adjustable features (that is, grab bar, calf supports, foot rests, etc.) that may affect the bounded opening(s), to create the opening(s) size that is most likely to cause failure.

SGS is committed to keeping you informed of regulatory news and developments. Leveraging our global network of laboratories and food experts, SGS provides a comprehensive range of food safety and quality solutions including analytical testing, audits, certifications, inspections and technical support. We continually invest in our world class testing capabilities and state-of-the-art technology to help you reduce risks, and improve food safety and quality. For further information please visit our website http://www.foodsafety.sgs.com/.


1 Commission Briefing Packages

2 Federal-Register-Notices

Email SGS Hong Kong Ltd. at mktg.hk@sgs.com for enquiries or visit http://www.hk.sgs.com/.

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